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The 7 Best Vitamins & Supplements for ED

Mike Bohl, MD, MPH, ALM

Reviewed by Mike Bohl, MD

Written by Nicholas Gibson

Published 01/17/2021

Updated 02/14/2024

If you’ve been googling “what is the best vitamin for erectile dysfunction” or “supplements for ED” and coming up short on answers, there’s a reason for it: the “natural male enhancement” pills that you find online and in gas stations are released by brands that make dubious claims about what their products can do, and often, those claims aren’t backed by a lot of research. In fact, many of them are dangerous.

That said, certain vitamins and supplements (not the stuff you see at the gas station) — like vitamins B3 and D, or supplements like L-arginine, to name a few — may offer some erectile function benefits that are backed up by some science. 

So, whether you came here in search of vitamins for erectile strength or supplements for ED, we’re happy to share what research shows about vitamins that help with ED…maybe. We’re going to go through all the vitamins you should look for, and the foods in which you can find them

You’re probably aware of erectile dysfunction treatments like Viagra®, which work by increasing blood flow to your penis when you’re in the mood for sex. But what about the options available without a prescription?

Well, if you’ve been looking at the “natural male enhancement” stuff on gas station shelves, we have some bad news. As we’ve discussed in our guide to herbal supplements for ED, most non-prescription products for treating ED are, to put it lightly, lacking in scientific evidence (unless they are something specifically approved or authorized by the FDA for erectile dysfunction, like vacuum erectile devices or the topical gel, Eroxon). 

That said, as we mentioned above, some research shows that deficiencies of certain vitamins might contribute to erectile dysfunction. If you’re deficient, adding these vitamins to your diet might improve your overall health, including your ability to get and stay erect. 

To put things in perspective, here’s the current wisdom:

  • Numerous factors can play a role in erectile dysfunction, including your cardiovascular health, psychological well-being and your level of interest in sex.

  • Currently, the most effective oral treatments for ED are PDE5 inhibitor medications, such as sildenafil (the active ingredient in Viagra).

  • Vitamins B3, B9, C and D have been linked with blood flow, ED or testosterone levels in scientific studies. However, there’s very limited research on the link between vitamins and ED, meaning our understanding of this potential link isn’t very strong right now.

  • To get reliable relief from ED, it’s best to talk to a licensed ED healthcare provider online to learn how you can improve blood flow to your penis and strengthen your erections. 

  • Depending on your medical history, they may check your blood pressure, cholesterol and other tests that can screen for health conditions like heart disease, type 2 diabetes and other things that are a risk factor for ED.

Okay, now that we’ve covered the basics, let’s talk vitamins.

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Vitamins are critical for the proper functioning of your body. They play vital roles in the development of your bones and organs. They also power essential biological processes that keep you alive, from your metabolism to the operation and function of your brain.

Because vitamins play such important roles in your health and survival, vitamin deficiencies can have serious negative effects on your well-being. What vitamins are good for erectile dysfunction, then, are the ones you don’t have enough of.

Some potential vitamins for erectile dysfunction include:

  • Vitamin B3 (niacin)

  • Vitamin B9 (folic acid)

  • Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)

  • Vitamin D

Let’s look into each one to learn more.

Vitamin B3 (Niacin)

Some scientific research suggests that vitamin B3, or niacin, may be helpful for managing erectile dysfunction. 

For example, a study published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine in 2011 found that adult men with ED and dyslipidemia (abnormal amounts of lipids in the blood) experienced improvements in erectile function after taking niacin for 12 weeks.

Vitamin B3 is an important vitamin for metabolic function. It’s linked to a reduced risk of certain types of cardiovascular disease thanks to its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects.

Niacin is widely available as a health supplement. It’s also found in a variety of foods, including:

  • Red meat, poultry and fish

  • Bran, yeast and whole-grain cereals

  • Peanuts, legumes and seeds

  • Eggs

Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid)

Another vitamin that may be linked with erectile dysfunction is vitamin B9, or folic acid.

A study published in the Asian Journal of Andrology analyzed the folic acid levels of men with ED and found that men with ED typically had lower levels of folic acid than healthy, unaffected men.

Interestingly, low levels of vitamin B9 were also linked to premature ejaculation (PE) — another common male sexual performance issue.

A newer study from 2020 noted a more direct link between vitamin B9 and sexual health. In this study, men with ED showed measurable improvements in erectile function after taking a vitamin B9 supplement on a daily basis for three months.

Vitamin B9 plays key roles in the synthesis of DNA and RNA — essential molecules for storing and reading genetic information. It’s also important for the production of healthy red blood cells.

You can purchase vitamin B9 as a health supplement, but it’s also found in a wide range of foods, like:

  • Leafy green vegetables, such as broccoli, spinach, asparagus and lettuce

  • Meats, including liver

  • Fish and other seafood

  • Peanuts, sunflower seeds and beans

  • Milk and other dairy products

  • Eggs

Folic acid is also commonly added to many breads, cereals, pastas and other grain products in order to prevent nutritional deficiencies.

Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)

Vitamin C is one of the most important vitamins for our bodies. When it comes to erectile health, research suggests that it might play a role in certain biochemical pathways that allow you to get and stay hard during sex.

For example, a review published in the journal Fertility and Sterility noted that vitamin C is one of several vitamins and minerals that support the biochemical pathway that leads to the release of nitric oxide.

Nitric oxide, or NO, is generally viewed as the principal agent responsible for relaxing the tissues inside your penis and allowing blood to flow in and create an erection.

Beyond its potential role in your sexual health, vitamin C plays a key role in the biosynthesis of several neurotransmitters, as well as important structural proteins — like collagen, for example.

It’s also essential for maintaining healthy teeth and gums, absorbing iron and promoting proper wound healing. 

Good sources of vitamin C include:

  • Citrus fruits, such as orange, grapefruit, lemon and lime

  • Other fresh fruits, including kiwifruit, guava and papaya

  • Strawberries, blackberries, raspberries and blueberries

  • Red peppers, green peppers, broccoli and other vegetables

Many fruit and vegetable juices also contain plenty of vitamin C. You can also find it in most multivitamin supplements. 

Vitamin D

Although research into the effects of vitamin D on sexual performance is limited, some studies have found that vitamin D deficiency is linked to erectile dysfunction.

A small study published in the International Journal of Impotence Research found that men with vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency had lower levels of erectile function than men with normal vitamin D levels.

However, it’s also worth noting that this study only investigated sexual function and depression symptoms in young men with low vitamin D status.

A meta-analysis from 2020 also found that vitamin D deficiency may be associated with severe forms of erectile dysfunction.

According to a review published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, around 24 percent of people in the United States have low vitamin D levels. Low vitamin D levels are even more common in Canada and Europe.

Your skin produces vitamin D when it’s exposed to sunlight, and it doesn’t take much to maintain healthy levels. Most people will be able to produce enough vitamin D to stay healthy with natural sun exposure from going for a daily walk or running errands. 

If you live in an area with limited sunlight or prefer not to spend too much time outdoors, you can also take in vitamin D from food or vitamin D supplementation. 

Foods that contain vitamin D include:

  • Fish, including salmon, trout, tuna, sardines and many fish oils

  • Cheese, milk and other dairy products

  • Red meat and poultry

  • Soy, almond and oat milks

  • Mushrooms

  • Apples, bananas and other fruits

  • Rice, lentils, sunflower seeds and almonds

  • Broccoli, carrots and other vegetables

Choose your chew

Research on other supplements for ED is often inconsistent or not very strong. Some men might see an effect, many might not.

ED supplements that may produce improvements in erectile function and sexual health include: 

  • L-arginine. This amino acid plays a key role in the production of nitric oxide, which is a molecule that relaxes your blood vessels and promotes healthy blood flow.

  • Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). This hormone is a precursor to testosterone, which is important for regulating your sex drive.

  • Ginseng. This herbal supplement might produce improvements in erectile function and sexual satisfaction, but the quality of research is low.

Just like with vitamins, it’s important to keep in mind that supplements aren’t subject to clinical trials like medications. This means that there’s a lot that we don’t know about them, including the safety and effectiveness of using them as ED treatments.

You can learn more about erectile dysfunction supplements in our guide to herbal supplements for ED

None of the “vitamins for erection health” listed above — or anything else you can find in a multivitamin — are proven, evidence-based treatments for erectile dysfunction.

Currently, among the most effective options for treating ED are FDA-approved medications called PDE5 inhibitors. These treatments work by dilating the arteries that supply your penis, allowing for better blood flow to your erectile tissues.

Unlike vitamins and natural remedies, they’re subject to large-scale clinical trials before they go onto pharmacy shelves, meaning we know that they’re safe and effective for most men. 

If you find it difficult to get or maintain an erection, consider one of the following medications:

  • Sildenafil. The active ingredient in Viagra, sildenafil provides relief from ED for around four hours per dose.

  • Tadalafil. The active ingredient in Cialis®, tadalafil is a long-lasting medication that can provide relief from ED for up to 36 hours.

  • Vardenafil. The active ingredient in Levitra®, vardenafil provides relief from ED for four to five hours.

  • Avanafil. Sold as Stendra®, avanafil is a newer treatment that provides relief from ED for up to six hours, with a lower risk of side effects than other oral ED medications.

  • Chewable ED medications. These fast-acting chewable mints include ingredients like sildenafil, tadalafil and vardenafil to help you get and stay hard during sex.

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Although research is limited, some studies have shown a link between ED and certain vitamin deficiencies. 

If you’re deficient in vitamins B3 (niacin), B9, C or D, increasing your consumption might improve your overall health, and maybe your ED symptoms. However, there are several things you’ll want to keep in mind before turning to vitamins as a “proven” ED treatment:

  • Vitamins like B3, B9, C and D are important for your overall health and sexual health, and may help in the management of ED. More research is needed to determine whether natural supplements containing L-arginine, ginseng and others are as effective as supplement makers claim.

  • It isn’t clear if these vitamins help with erections and sexual function if you don’t have a vitamin deficiency. In other words, if you’re healthy, taking extra vitamin C may not have any impact on your performance in the bedroom.

  • More isn’t always better when it comes to vitamins. Certain vitamins are toxic when consumed in excess, meaning you shouldn’t exceed the recommended intake if you choose to use a vitamin supplement.

  • Vitamins aren’t a replacement for FDA-approved ED medication, or for healthy, natural habits and lifestyle changes that can make maintaining an erection easier. 

Interested in treating ED? You can learn more about your options and, if appropriate, access medication by taking part in an online erectile dysfunction consultation.

You can also find out more about the most effective options for treating ED and having better sex in our full guide to the most common ED treatments. Or you can check out this blog on whether essential oils for erectile dysfunction are effective.

17 Sources

  1. Definition & Facts for Erectile Dysfunction. (2017, July). Retrieved from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/erectile-dysfunction/definition-facts
  2. Vitamins. (2022, March 11). Retrieved from https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002399.htm
  3. Ng, C.F., Lee, C.P., Ho, A.L. & Lee, V.W. (2011, October). Effect of niacin on erectile function in men suffering erectile dysfunction and dyslipidemia. The Journal of Sexual Medicine. 8 (10), 2883-2893. Retrieved from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21810191/
  4. Peechakara, B.V. & Gupta, M. (2022, June 11). Vitamin B3. StatPearls. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK526107/
  5. Yan, W.J., Yu, N., Yin, T.L., Zou, Y.L. & Yang, J. (2014). A new potential risk factor in patients with erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation: folate deficiency. Asian Journal of Andrology. 16 (6), 902-906. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4236337/
  6. Elshahid, A.R., et al. (2020, January). Folic acid supplementation improves erectile function in patients with idiopathic vasculogenic erectile dysfunction by lowering peripheral and penile homocysteine plasma levels: a case-control study. Andrology. 8 (1), 148-153. Retrieved from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31237081/
  7. Folate (Folic Acid) – Vitamin B9. (2023, March). Retrieved from https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/folic-acid/
  8. Meldrum, D.R., Gambone, J.C., Morris, M.A. & Ignarro, L.J. (2010, December). A multifaceted approach to maximize erectile function and vascular health. Fertility and Sterility. 94 (7), 2514-2520. Retrieved from https://www.fertstert.org/article/S0015-0282(10)00647-3/fulltext
  9. Cartledge, J., Minhas, S. & Eardley, I. (2001, January). The role of nitric oxide in penile erection. Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy. 2 (1), 95-107. Retrieved from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11336572/
  10. Vitamin C. (2021). Vitamin C. Retrieved from https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminC-HealthProfessional/
  11. Vitamin D. (2022). Retrieved from https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminD-HealthProfessional/
  12. Krysiak, R., Szwajkosz, A. & Okopień, B. (2018, October). The effect of low vitamin D status on sexual functioning and depressive symptoms in apparently healthy men: a pilot study. International Journal of Impotence Research. 30 (5), 224-229. Retrieved from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29973697/
  13. Crafa, A., Cannarella, R., Condorelli, R.A., La Vignera, S. & Calogero, A.E. (2020, May). Is There an Association Between Vitamin D Deficiency and Erectile Dysfunction? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Nutrients. 12 (5), 1411. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7284343/
  14. Amrein, K., et al. (2020, January 20). Vitamin D deficiency 2.0: an update on the current status worldwide. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 74, 1498-1513. Retrieved from https://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-020-0558-y
  15. L-Arginine. (2021). Retrieved from https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/natural/875.html
  16. Lee, H.W., et al. (2021). Ginseng for erectile dysfunction. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 4 (4), CD012654. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8094213/
  17. Dhaliwal A, Gupta M. PDE5 Inhibitors. [Updated 2022 May 20]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK549843/
Editorial Standards

Hims & Hers has strict sourcing guidelines to ensure our content is accurate and current. We rely on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. We strive to use primary sources and refrain from using tertiary references. See a mistake? Let us know at [email protected]!

This article is for informational purposes only and does not constitute medical advice. The information contained herein is not a substitute for and should never be relied upon for professional medical advice. Always talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of any treatment. Learn more about our editorial standards here.

Mike Bohl, MD

Dr. Mike Bohl is a licensed physician, a Medical Advisor at Hims & Hers, and the Director of Scientific & Medical Content at a stealth biotech startup, where he is involved in pharmaceutical drug development. Prior to joining Hims & Hers, Dr. Bohl spent several years working in digital health, focusing on patient education. He has also worked in medical journalism for The Dr. Oz Show (receiving recognition for contributions from the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences when the show won Outstanding Informative Talk Show at the 2016–2017 Daytime Emmy® Awards) and at Sharecare. He is a Medical Expert Board Member at Eat This, Not That! and a Board Member at International Veterinary Outreach.

Dr. Bohl obtained his Bachelor of Arts and Doctor of Medicine from Brown University, his Master of Public Health from Columbia University, and his Master of Liberal Arts in Extension Studies—Journalism from Harvard University. He is currently pursuing a Master of Business Administration and Master of Science in Healthcare Leadership at Cornell University. Dr. Bohl trained in internal medicine with a focus on community health at NYU Langone Health.

Dr. Bohl is Certified in Public Health by the National Board of Public Health Examiners, Medical Writer Certified by the American Medical Writers Association, a certified Editor in the Life Sciences by the Board of Editors in the Life Sciences, a Certified Personal Trainer and Certified Nutrition Coach by the National Academy of Sports Medicine, and a Board Certified Medical Affairs Specialist by the Accreditation Council for Medical Affairs. He has graduate certificates in Digital Storytelling and Marketing Management & Digital Strategy from Harvard Extension School and certificates in Business Law and Corporate Governance from Cornell Law School.

In addition to his written work, Dr. Bohl has experience creating medical segments for radio and producing patient education videos. He has also spent time conducting orthopedic and biomaterial research at Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals of Cleveland and practicing clinically as a general practitioner on international medical aid projects with Medical Ministry International.

Dr. Bohl lives in Manhattan and enjoys biking, resistance training, sailing, scuba diving, skiing, tennis, and traveling. You can find Dr. Bohl on LinkedIn for more information.


  • Younesi, M., Knapik, D. M., Cumsky, J., Donmez, B. O., He, P., Islam, A., Learn, G., McClellan, P., Bohl, M., Gillespie, R. J., & Akkus, O. (2017). Effects of PDGF-BB delivery from heparinized collagen sutures on the healing of lacerated chicken flexor tendon in vivo. Acta biomaterialia, 63, 200–209. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1742706117305652?via%3Dihub

  • Gebhart, J. J., Weinberg, D. S., Bohl, M. S., & Liu, R. W. (2016). Relationship between pelvic incidence and osteoarthritis of the hip. Bone & joint research, 5(2), 66–72. https://boneandjoint.org.uk/Article/10.1302/2046-3758.52.2000552

  • Gebhart, J. J., Bohl, M. S., Weinberg, D. S., Cooperman, D. R., & Liu, R. W. (2015). Pelvic Incidence and Acetabular Version in Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis. Journal of pediatric orthopedics, 35(6), 565–570. https://journals.lww.com/pedorthopaedics/abstract/2015/09000/pelvic_incidence_and_acetabular_version_in_slipped.5.aspx

  • Islam, A., Bohl, M. S., Tsai, A. G., Younesi, M., Gillespie, R., & Akkus, O. (2015). Biomechanical evaluation of a novel suturing scheme for grafting load-bearing collagen scaffolds for rotator cuff repair. Clinical biomechanics (Bristol, Avon), 30(7), 669–675. https://www.clinbiomech.com/article/S0268-0033(15)00143-6/fulltext

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